A fountain pen is a writing tool that applies water-based ink on paper using a metal nib. Its inbuilt ink reservoir, which eliminates the need to continually dip the pen in an inkwell during use, sets it apart from preceding dip pens. Utilizing a mix of capillary action and gravity, the pen deposits ink on paper by drawing it from the reservoir through a feed to the nib. An internal filling mechanism that generates suction (for example, by a piston mechanism) or a vacuum to transfer ink directly through the nib into the reservoir can also be used to manually fill the reservoir with ink, to use an eyedropper or syringe, or to manually add ink to the reservoir. Some pens use pre-filled ink cartridges as removable reservoirs.
Fountain pen ink is formulated using colours, water, and additives to give it the desired characteristics. Since there are so many various types of fountain pen ink available in a wide range of thicknesses, sheens, sparkles, archive quality, water-proof, and other characteristics, it is very customizable. The water-based (or liquid-based) ink is what distinguishes fountain pens from ballpoint or gel pens, which use bases made of oil or gel instead of water.
The most crucial thing to keep in mind when writing with a fountain pen is to hold the pen at a roughly 45-degree angle. The direct downward pressure employed on a ballpoint or rollerball pen is too much for nibs to handle. In the best case, your nib will flex; in the worst, it will snap. A proper ink flow is made possible by the angle, which also enables the tines to flex properly and give your fountain pen the distinctive variations in line width that are so recognizable and desirable with a fountain pen.
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The positive aspect of fountain pen ink is how smooth it is, producing moist lines and a fluid writing experience. The drawback is that if the pen is left uncapped, it could dry up.
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